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The longer term goal for Singapore is to equip the port to supply a wide range of future, cleaner, fuel types, to meet the diverse needs of ships that choose to call into Singapore.
These endeavours will not only help secure Singapore’s lead as a top bunkering hub, but also support the vision for a greener and more sustainable maritime ecosystem.
Cleaner Marine Fuels
Singapore has been at the forefront of promoting the use of cleaner marine fuels, including LNG. It has been developing LNG bunkering capabilities under the LNG bunkering pilot programme. It has also partnered port administrations to establish a global network of LNG bunker-ready ports, co-funded the construction of LNG-fueled vessels, and continues to promote LNG as a cleaner, interim fuel.
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
New breed of
LNG-powered vessels
French shipping and logistics firm CMA CGM, set the bar for the adoption of LNG in their fleet.
On 11 Oct 2020, the world’s largest LNG- powered container ship docked in Singapore. The CMA CGM Jacques Saade megaship has a capacity of 23,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), and is operated by a 26-man crew, along with one gas management officer.
The ship was a product of seven years of R&D, harnessing digital technology and powered using LNG. Mr Stephane Courquin, head of CMA CGM in Asia and Oceania, said that LNG is the most advanced solution when it comes to preserving air quality today, and called it a “critical part of our energy transition
strategy”. Compared with traditional marine fuel oil, LNG reduces sulphur and fine particles emission by 99 percent, nitrogen dioxide emissions by 85 percent and carbon dioxide emissions by up to 20 percent.
CMA CGM also announced that there would be eight other similarly large ships joining its fleet. By 2022, it would have 20 LNG-powered vessels. The shipping and logistics firm hopes for a wider adoption of LNG in the industry.
LNG bunkering hub
Already the world’s largest marine refuelling hub, Singapore has been working towards building the infrastructure to become the leading hub for LNG bunkering in Asia and beyond.
On 24 March 2021, Singapore became the first port in Asia where a container ship powered by LNG was refuelled by another ship. This is a significant milestone for the maritime sector and proof that Port of Singapore is now ready to support ship-to-ship LNG bunkering.
As the CMA CGM Scandola loaded and unloaded cargo at Pasir Panjang Terminal, the 15,000 TEU container ship was also being refuelled with 7,100 cubic metres of LNG by the FueLNG Bellina, Singapore’s first LNG bunkering vessel. The simultaneous operation of loading/unloading and refuelling shortens the time ships need to stay in port, and paves the way for larger LNG-powered vessels to call at Singapore for refuelling.
Shell’s LNG Outlook report says there are about 400 LNG-fuelled ships in operation or on order. Global LNG bunkering demand is expected to grow to 30 to 50 million tonnes per year by 2040.
Ms Quah Ley Hoon, Chief Executive of MPA, said, “The use of LNG as a marine fuel is fast gaining traction worldwide amid a global push to use cleaner shipping fuels. As the world’s top bunkering and transshipment hub port, MPA is pleased that we are able to facilitate Asia’s very first ship-to-ship LNG bunkering operation

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